The powhiri process is a welcoming ceremony occuring when visitors arrive at the marae. when the manuhiri arrive they gather outside the gate of the marae to be welcomed.
Wero is performed as the manuhiri move on the marae atea. A armed warrior is sent out to the enterence way to perfom by putting a sprig of leaves on the ground in front of the manuhiri. if the visitors intentions are peaceful the will pick up this sprig of leaves.
women visitors will then a karanga as they move onto the marae once the sprig of leaves has been picked up
whakaeke is when tangata whenua may perform a haka pohiri to welcome the manuhiri.
whaikoreo is when guests and hosts make speeches and after each speaker a waiata is sang.
koha layed formally on the marae from the manuhiri is intened to defray costs of the marae but koha given quietly to the organiser of the hui is intended to cover the expenses of the hui. In traditional maori koha is given in food and treased items which ranged from weapons to cloaks.
a hongi occurs once the speeches have concluded and koha has been collected. The speakers line to greet everyboday with a hongi. During the hongi eyes should be closed and noses pressed against eachother; through this the formalities of the pohiri are completed. A hongi represents the passing of breath by two people.
once greetings are completed on the marae atea, the manuhiri are invited to kai. kai is signiificiant in practising of manaakitangi and through this generousity is shown.
karakia and mihimihi includes speakers standing against the wall to get inpiration from its carvings that represent the ancestors of the tangata whenua. a koreo speech will then be delivered.
the final process of the powhiri with a farwell speech taking place. Manuhiri usually begin at the poroporoaki followed by tangata whenua. This acknowleges the hospitality of tangata whenua and ringawera.
Higgins, R., & Moorfield, J., (2004). Nga tikanga o te marae.In Ki te Whaiao; An introduction to Maori Culture and Society. Auckland: Pearson Education New Zealand Limited, pp. 73-74